Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) helps you manage your problems by altering the way you think and behave. It's most commonly used to treat anxiety and depression, but can be useful for other mental and physical health difficulties.
CBT is based on the idea that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are all connected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle. The therapy aims to help you break this cycle and improve your difficulties as a result.
Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing (EMDR)
EMDR is an evidence based psychotherapy that is proven to be an effective treatment of trauma. It can also be integrated into other treatments for anxiety, phobias, grief, panic disorder or other symptoms with a trauma component. EMDR is recognised by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). EMDR helps you to process distressing thoughts, emotions and sensations through completing a series of phases, some involving bilateral stimulation (eye movements or tapping), where you identify the most distressing aspect of your memory and the associated negative belief this has given you about yourself. With the guidance of your therapist, you will learn new, positive beliefs and the memories will cause less distress. EMDR can be used with adults and children. Each session will be scheduled for 90 minutes.
Video explaining EMDR to children
Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP)
DDP was created by clinical psychologist Dan Hughes as an attachment-informed method to support families where children have suffered developmental trauma. Although originally intended for adoptive families and foster carers, DDP has a broad application and the central component, the therapeutic stance of PACE (playful, accepting, curious, empathetic), provides a set of principles that help key adults build emotional connections with children both at home and school.
DDP can be delivered as a form of family therapy with both you and your child together or offered within a coaching framework to help you work through parenting challenges. In a school context, training staff to teach with PACE helps improve student engagement and is an essential component of trauma-informed practice.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
The aim of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is to help you accept what you can’t change and change what you can. ACT works by providing you with practical steps and techniques you can take in order to accept the things out of your control and taking action towards living a life you value. This includes popular techniques such as mindfulness.
A number of research studies have been carried out using ACT and have found it effective for helping people with difficulties such as anxiety, depression, pain, substance misuse, managing significant life changes, as well as a variety of other difficulties.
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)
SFBT is a strength-based psychotherapy that helps you identify your existing skills and resources, helping you face future challenges with hope and resilience. It is called ‘brief’ therapy as we would expect sessions to last for around six weeks.
We all experience times when we feel we can deal with problems better, or more confidently, than others. This inconsistency is explored in SFBT, and together we look at when, and why this was the case. SFBT is future-oriented, which means we won’t spend lots of time discussing the past or early experiences; instead, it builds on your own understanding of what you need to do to improve your situation through goal setting and visualisation.
SFBT is an excellent option is you are working towards a particular goal but can also be part of treatment for depression and anxiety.
Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT)
Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) aims to help individuals improve their mental health by developing the compassion they have for themselves and others.
CFT has been found to be helpful for those who find it difficult to experience, understand or express compassion. Therapy is used as a way to understand why this is and attempt to make change. CFT can be help for those who have distressing feelings, thoughts or behaviours and may be highly self-critical.
Psychodynamic therapy helps you to understand how your current difficulties are influenced by your previous experiences and what is known as your 'unconscious mind'.
A key part of psychodynamic therapy is your relationship with the therapist. By having an open and trusting relationship, this allows an individual to speak as freely as possible. Your therapist may ask you questions about your childhood and what your relationship was like with your parent(s) or caregiver. This helps them to understand the difficulties you're currently experiencing and how to overcome them.
Couples counselling is a powerful way of supporting couples who may be experiencing difficulties in their relationship. The therapist provides a safe space within which each individual can discuss their understanding of the difficulties and consider ways together to improve.
There are may strategies couples can use in order to improve the relationship and these often include ways to improve communication, time spent together and having a shared view of the future.
Family therapy is an approach which includes various family members in order to support the family as a whole. Many of us live with our families or have relationships with family members which may be challenging. Rather than tackle each of these separately, sometimes it is more beneficial to bring everyone together and work on the difficulties together in order to overcome them. This can often have positive effects as a family but also for each person individually.